Role of GIS in Environment Protection

World Environment Day is celebrated throughout the globe to raise awareness for the cause of environment preservation and protection. GIS has made data publicly available to help encourage action worldwide towards a better environment.

Role of GIS in Environment Protection
role-of-gis-in-environment-protection

Role of GIS in Environment Protection

World Environment Day is celebrated throughout the globe to raise awareness for the cause of environment preservation and protection. 

In the last three decades, remote sensing and geospatial technology have helped in environment protection and preservation by providing information and data that helps make conscious decisions to save the environment. 

GIS has made data publicly available to help encourage action worldwide towards a better environment.

This World Environment Day, we find out what role GIS has and will play in environment protection:

Environmental Impact Analysis

EIA is a policy initiative conducted to preserve natural resources and the environment. Human activities and industrialisation exert pressure on the environment, and it is essential to understand the impact of these activities on our surroundings. 

This analysis contains the magnitude, effects, and characteristics of changes that take place in the environment. It is usually carried out with the help of GIS data and technology, utilising technology like remote sensing and satellite imaging. 

SandArt by Sudarshan Pattnaik

**Image- SandArt by Sudarshan Pattnaik at Puri beach, Orissa

Air quality mapping

GIS is extensively used to monitor and map air quality worldwide. With pollution rising to alarming levels, air quality mapping plays a crucial role in environmental protection and preservation. With the help of GIS tools and resources, it has become more feasible to map air quality with the help of extensive imaging and studies. 

GIS helps in creating air pollution models that help study, assess, and project air quality over a period of time. 

Disaster management

GIS technology plays a crucial role in disaster management and mitigation. With the help of remote sensing and extensive data, predictions can be made about the potential threats and the areas that are prone to mishaps. The data is integrated and continuous. It helps in decision making and protecting the environment and people from natural and unnatural disasters.

Land use and cover

GIS technology is used extensively to determine and study land use. A detailed analysis is required to assess the pressure activities put on the land. 

GIS, remote sensing and geospatial technology provide a data-rich assessment that helps in decision making. It also helps analyse the changes in land patterns over a period of time.

Management of Natural Resources

Forest cover, water, and agriculture are all crucial to natural resource management. GIS technology helps in the management of these natural resources by assisting in monitoring and studying of these resources.

This involves managing crops and crop rotation basis seasons, management of water levels across water bodies, and even monitoring of forest cover to reduce deforestation and improve cover.

Also Read: The role of remote sensing in environment protection

Soil Mapping

GIS plays a key role in mapping of soil by identifying different kinds of soil resources that suit different needs and activities. This helps in the prevention of erosion, depletion of nutrition, and even helps in planning large scale agricultural activities.

Soil planning is actively used by farmers and agriculturists to enhance productivity and minimise wastage.

With time, GIS has integrated itself into becoming an indispensable part of environmental protection. This World Environment Day, we celebrate the environment and pledge to protect it. We move forward in the direction of sustainable environment use and promise to take action against environment depletion and pollution!