GSAT-30: Know All About ISRO's First Satellite Launch of 2020

GSAT-30, the communication satellite, is a replacement for INSAT-4A with better coverage to provide high-quality communication services across many countries. 

GSAT-30: Know All About ISRO's First Satellite Launch of 2020
GSAT-30: Know All About ISRO's First Satellite Launch of 2020

GSAT-30: Know All About ISRO's First Satellite Launch of 2020

In the year 2019, ISRO accomplished many challenging missions and created history. The year 2020 is going to continue with the series of successful missions by ISRO. GSAT-30, ISRO's 41st communication satellite is the first satellite launch of the year by ISRO. Let's have a look at some of the basic things regarding the launch of this communication satellite. 

In a first satellite launch of this year, Indian Space Research Organisation's (Isro) communication satellite Gsat-30 was successfully launched by European space agency's heavy-lift launch vehicle Ariane-5 (VA 251) from French Guiana at 2.35 am (IST) on Friday. The Satellite weighing about 3,357 kg is expected to have a mission life of 15 years in the geostationary orbit. 

This new communication satellite is a replacement for INSAT-4A with better coverage to provide high-quality communication services across many countries. 

Role of different bands

The multiple bands of GSAT-30 are going to cover many countries, including Australia. The Ku band of GSAT-30 will cover the Indian mainland and islands for improved communication services. Australia, Gulf and Asian countries will get benefit from the extended coverage of C-band. 

For ground tracking, one of the Ku band beacon downlink signal will be transmitted whereas the extended coverage in C-band is useful for television broadcasters. The broadcasting of the programs across the countries under coverage area will be hassle-free after the launch of GSAT-30. 

The significance of the new Communication satellite 

GSAT-30 will support VSAT networks, digital satellite news gathering, DTH television services and teleport services. Applications like Television up-linking and cellular backhaul connectivity will become easier with the support of the new communication satellite. 

The design and optimisation of the communication payload will increase the number of transponders on the spacecraft bus. 

GSAT-30 has an I-3K bus (model) and has inherited many features from ISRO's successful satellite series of INSAT/GSAT. 

About the launch

The European aerospace company Arianespace has collaborated with ISRO for the launch of GSAT, but this collaboration is not new, and Arianespace has launched 23 ISRO's satellites by now. The launch of GSAT-30 is the 107th flight of the Ariane V launch vehicle which from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana. 

The mission lasted for approximately 38 minutes and 25 seconds, and GSAT-30 was placed at a longitude of 83 degrees East. The same launch vehicle will carry another satellite Konnect on 17 January 2020 for the European space company Eutelsat Konnect.